Research on Biomedical Engineering
http://www.rbejournal.periodikos.com.br/article/doi/10.1590/2446-4740.03317
Research on Biomedical Engineering
Original article

Alternative class III distributed polysomnography system

Felipe Britto Azevedo Schneider, Alexandre Secchin de Melo, Rodrigo Varejão Andreão, Rodolfo de Figueiredo Dalvi

Abstract

Introduction: Impairment of sleep quality directly increases the risk of heart attack, obesity, and stroke, among other conditions, which makes polysomnography (PSG) an important public health tool. However, the inherent problems with PSG render the correct diagnosis of sleep diseases a difficult task. As a novel alternative to the class II PSG system, this work presents a distributed system composed of three modules, which together are capable of the simultaneous monitoring of environmental variables and patient signals. This system could reduce the distress of a PSG exam in certain cases, dismiss the need for an overnight sleep in a healthcare/sleep centre, and facilitate self-setup and internet-based diagnosis.

Methods: Hardware and software capable of synchronously monitoring, processing and logging into a μSD card environmental parameters (temperature, humidity, visible light intensity and audible noise level) and directly measured patient signals (electrocardiogram, electrooculogram, and body and limb posture) were designed and implemented. Results: A novel alternative to the class III PSG system was demonstrated with independent boards capable of operating for more than 16 hours powered by a 750 mAh/3.7 V battery with 0.003% data loss during preliminary PSG exams. Additionally, a computer-based library capable of reading, decoding, estimating respiration through ECG, and calculating the heart rate was developed and described.

Conclusion: This article contributes to PSG research through the development of a new PSG system and the improvement of patient comfort. All software and hardware developed are fully open source and available on GitHub.

Keywords

Polysomnography, Biomedical instrumentation, Sleep, EDR, Homecare

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